Manuscript should be submitted as e-mail attachment to the editor at email@example.com following, which the manuscript number will be mailed to the corresponding author. All manuscripts will be peer reviewed ad Reviewers’ comments and Editor’s decision made known to the author(s). It is the goal of The Bioscientist to publish accepted manuscripts within 8 weeks of paper submission.
Manuscripts should be typed double-spaced, preferably on 12 point font size, Times new Roman in MS Word format. All pages of the manuscript should be numbered starting from the title page. Full length papers should not exceed 20 typed pages on A4 paper with 1 inch margins. The paper should be laid out using the following format;
- Title Page should include: The name(s) of the author(s), a concise and informative title, the affiliation(s) and address(es) of the author(s) and the email address, telephone and fax numbers of the corresponding author.
- The Abstract should be informative and completely self-explanatory. It should briefly explain the topic, state the scope of the topic, indicate significant data, and point out major findings and conclusion. The abstract should not be more than 200 words in length. Folloeing the abtract, about 4 to 6 key words that should provide indexing references too should be listed.
- The Introduction should provide clear statement of the problem, the relevant literature on the subject, and the proposed approach or solution.
- Materials and Methods should be complete enough to allow experiments to be reproduced. However, only truly new procedures should be described in details; previously published procedures should be cited, and important modification of published procedure should be mentioned briefly. Capitalize trade names and include the manufacturer’s name and address. Subheading should be used. Methods in general use need not be described in detail.
- Results should be presented with clarity and prescision using text in the past perfect tense and or appropriate Tables and Figures. Appropriate subheadings, preferably following the same sequence as the materials and methods should be used.
- The Discussion should interpret the results obtainedin present and in previous studies on the topic citing relevant literature. The Results and Discussion sections may be combined if convenient to the author.
- Conclusion should be stated in a few sentences at the end of the paper.
- Acknowledgement of people, grants, funds, etc should be brief.
- Abbreviations: only recommended SI units and approved symbols scientific abbreviations (e.g. http://cheminfo.chemi.muni,cz.ianua) should be used. Non-standard abbreviation should be used only when the full term is very long and used often. Each abbreviation should be spelled out and introduced in parentheses the first time it is used in the text.
- Tables should be prepared using the Microsoft Word “table” function and the “Table Simple” format. Tables should be kept to a minimum d also typed double-spaced as the manuscript. A concise heading should be provided on the top of each Table and footnotes at the bottom. Each table should be on the separate page and numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals. For example, Table 1: Morphological characteristics of otoliths for selected fresh water fishes. Tables should always be cited in text in consecutive numerical order. Tables should be self-explanatory without reference to the text. Previously published materials should be identified by giving the original source in the form of a reference at the bottom of the table.
- Figures: Graphics should be prepared using the MS Excel Chart Wizard or similar software. Shading should be done preferably using patterns rather than colours. Photographs should be prepared using softwares capable of generating high resolution image such as GIF, TIFF, JPEG or PowerPoint. All figures must however, be submitted as Microsoft Word file and sited consecutively in the text. Each figure should be on a separate page. Figures Legend must be given in a separate word file and consecutively numbered using Arabic numerals. For example, Fig. 2:Time course of electric field-induced membrane breakdown of lipid bilayers and cell membranes. Legends should include sufficient information such that the figure is understandable without reference to the text of the manuscript. Information given in legends should not be repeated in the text.
- References: In the text, identify References by means of an author’s only the first author’s name should be mentioned followed by ‘et al’. In the event that the author cited has had two or more works published in the same year, the references, both in the reference list, should be identified by the lower case letter like ‘a and b’ after the date to distinguish the works. References should be listed at the end of the paper in alphabetical order. Articles in preparation or article submitted for publication, unpublished observation, personal communications, etc. should not be included in the reference list but should not be included in the reference list but should only be mentioned in the article text (e.g., E. N. Maduagwu, University of Ibadan, Nigeria, personal communication). Journal names should appear in full and not abbreviated. Authors are fully responsible for the accuracy of the references. Examples:
In the text
Eneanya (2000), Odibo et al. (2003), Okigbo, 1983),Ezeonu and Udedi, 1992), (Ogbo, 1998; Egboka 1987a,b; Oli, 1993, 1995).
Reference list: Journal article
Okafor, N., B. ijioma, and C. oyulo. (1984). Studies on microbiology of cassava retting for foo-foo production. Journal of Applied Bacteriology, 56:1-13.
Goodluck, J., Robinson, M. and Thoma, j. A. (2012). The active site of porcine pancreatic-amylase: factors contributing to catalysis. Factors contributing to catalysis. Carbohydrate Reaseach, 10 (4): 487-503.
Reference list: Book
Oyewole, J. and Blass, B. (2001). The future of modern genomics. Blackwell, London.
Reference list: Book chapter:
Basino, B and Malikwu, M. (2011). Emerging disease of catfish. In: smith J. (ed.) modern fish farming, 3rd edn. Wiley, New york, pp 230-257.
Reference list: Online Document:
Muktar, J. (2007). Medicinalmplants of the savannah region of Nigeria. IOP Publishing BotanyWeb. http://botanyweb.org/articles/news/11/6/16/1. Accessed 26 June 2007.
- Short Communications are limited to a maximum of two figures and one table. They should present a complete study that is more limited in scope than is found in full-length papers. The items of manuscript preparation listed above apply to short Communications with the following differences: (1) Abstracts are limited to 100 words; (2) instead of a separate Materials and Methods section, experimental procedures maybe incorporated into Figure Legends and Table footnotes; (3) Results and Discussion should be combined into a single section.
- Proofs and Reprints: Electronic proofs will be sent by e-mail attachment to the corresponding author as a PDF file. Page proof are considered to be the final version of the manuscript at the proof stage. Because the Bioscientist will be published online, authors will have free electronic access to the full text (in both HTML and PDF) of their articles only. Authors can freely download the PDF file from which they can print unlimited copies of their articles.
- Copyrights: Submission of a manuscript implies that the work described has not been published before (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, or thesis) that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere; that if and when the manuscript is accepted for publication, the authors will be expected to complete a copyright transfer agreement before accepted articles will be published.
- Fees and Charges: there shall be a handling charge of N2,000 (15 USD) for everyarticle, evidence of payment of which, should be submitted along with the manuscript. When articles are accepted a further page charges of N8,000 (60 USD) will be paid by the author(s). Extra charges for colour photographs may be imposed. All payments should be made to: Zenith Bank PLC, Account name; Faculty of Bioscientist Journal Unizik, Account No; 1013069523, and scan of tellers mailed by email attachment to the Editor-in-Chief. Publication of an article in the journal is not contingent upon the authors ability to pay the charges. Neither is acceptance to pay the handling fee a guarantee that the paper will be accepted for publication. Authors may still request (in advance) that the editorial office waive some of the handling fee under special circumstances. The editorial office is at the liberty to accept or reject such request for a waiver.