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FIRST PUBLICATION, JUNE 2013. The Bioscientist. Vol. 1

The Bioscientist: Vol. 1(1):6-13, May, 2013.
Available online at http://www.bioscientistjournal.com
Tidi et al., 2013. Page 6

Perception of Fever and Plasmodium Infection Among Nomadic Fulani Children
of Northeastern Nigeria.

Tidi, S.K., Akogun, O.B. and Gundiri, M. A.
1Department of Biological Sciences, Federal University Wukari, Taraba State, Nigeria
2Department of Biological Sciences, Federal University of Technology, Yola Adamawa State, Nigeria.
*Corresponding author’s e-mail:stephentiddi@yahoo.com

ABSTRACT (Download PDF)

Malaria is a deadly disease which is widely spread in the tropical regions of the world. This study was conducted to investigate mother’s perception of fever and Plasmodium infections in under-five nomadic Fulanis children of northeastern Nigeria. Two hundred and seventy two(272) mothers were interviewed on the perception of fever in 672 under-five children alongside measurements of ambient temperature. Blood samples of under-five children were analyzed for Plasmodium infections. Results show that 269 (98.8%), and 247(90.8) mothers of under-five children perceived prevalence and severity of fever in the nomadic Fulanis camps respectively. There was a significant association (X2, p<0.05) between mothers diagnosis of fever with clinical temperature. Similarly, Plasmodium infections showed a significant association (X2, p<0.05) with clinical temperature of under-five children. Plasmodium infections were detected among 247 (36.8%) under-five children. There was gender difference of malaria infections with more males 129 (37.0%) infected than females 118 (36.5%), although the difference was not significant (X2, p>0.05). Of the three clans investigated for Plasmodium infections, the Kiri clan had higher 145(44.8%) significant burden (X2, p<0.05) of Plasmodium infections with P. falciparum responsible for more than ninety percent of the infections. Mothers perception of fever in under-five children may still require laboratory confirmation. However, in the absence of laboratory diagnosis, perception of fever by mothers of under-five could still be used as a guide for the treatment of Plasmodium infections in the nomadic Fulanis camps.

Key words: Fever, Plasmodium infections, Under-five, Nomadic Fulanis


© 2013. Journal of Faculty of Biosciences, Nnamdi Azikiwe University,

P. M. B. 5025 Awka, Nigeria.

email: thebioscientist@unizik.edu.ng

 

 

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