PUBLICATION, JANUARY, 2014. The Bioscientist. Vol. 2
The Bioscientist Vol. 2 (1): 65-69, January 2014.
Available online at http://www.bioscientistjournal.com
Ekwunife et al.,2014 Page 65
Human parasitic ova and cyst in local food drinks sold in open markets in Enugu
municipality, south-east, Nigeria
*Ekwunife, C.A., Okafor, C. I., Eneanya, C.I. and Ezeunala M.N.
Department of Parasitology and Entomology, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka, Nigeria.
1Department of Microbiology and Biotechnology, National Institute of Pharmaceutical Research
and Development, Idu, Abuja Nigeria.
*Corresponding author email: firstname.lastname@example.org
ABSTRACT (Download PDF )
A cross sectional study on the prevalence of parasitic ova and cyst in local food drinks (Soya
milk, Kunu-zaki and Zobo) from four open markets in Enugu municipality, Southeast Nigeria
was carried out in March, 2013. Fifty (50) bottles of each drink were bought from hawkers from
four different markets, making a total of 600 bottles of drinks. Formol-ether concentration
technique was employed to concentrate the parasites in the drinks. Of the 600 bottles of drinks
whose content were examined 254(42%) were contaminated with ova and cysts of parasites.
Parasites isolated were protozoan (Entamoeba histolytica, Giardia lamblia, Balantidium coli)
and helminthes (Ascaris lumbricoides and Trichuris trichiura). E. histolytica was the highest
(27.6%) type of parasite recorded. The highest number of parasites 166(30.1%) was recorded in
food drinks collected from Ogbete main market while the lowest number of parasites 117(21.4%)
was from Artisan market. Kunu-zaki drink recorded the highest number 192(31.9%) of parasites.
However the number of parasites isolated from the different drinks and from different markets
did not differ significantly (P>0.05). Study indicated that most of the locally made food drinks
being hawked in Nigerian markets and environ are contaminated. Such drinks which are cheap
with high nutritional values are beverages from beans, leaves and sorghum. Unhygienic
environment and poor handling could be the sources of contamination. Health education
involving the food drink producers as well as monitoring the activities and the environment of
such producers by health workers is advocated.
Keywords: Parasites, local food drinks, hygiene, South-east Nigeria.
© 2013. Journal of Faculty of Biosciences, Nnamdi Azikiwe University,
P. M. B. 5025 Awka, Nigeria.