FIELD ASSESSMENT OF GROUNDNUT (ARACHIS HYPOGEAE L.) ADVANCED BREEDING LINES FOR RESISTANCE TO FUSARIUM WILT AND POD ROT DISEASES IN KANO STATE, NIGERIA

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N.H. Bashir
B.T. Edun
U. Mohammad
B. N. Motagi

Abstract

Fusarium wilt and Pod rot are serious diseases of groundnut in Kano state. Thirty-two advanced breeding lines and four improved varieties of groundnut were evaluated against fusarium wilt and pod rot diseases in the field under natural inoculums in ICRISAT research station of Minjibir, Kano state, during the2020 rainy season. Among the tested breeding lines and checks, complete resistance to fusarium wilt and pod rot was present on 20 breeding lines such as ICGV’s 00338, 02005, 06143, 06149, 06183, 07106, 07213, 07406 and 2 improved varieties (SAMNUT 22 and 24). Strong and negative effects of these diseases were observed on the yield and agronomic components viz., pod and fodder yield, hundred seed weight, chlorophyll content and normalised difference vegetation index. However, ICGV’s 06183, 07390 and 00338 were both high yielding and highly resistant to fusarium wilt and pod rot diseases; hence they could be utilized in breeding program to develop resistant and high yielding varieties in Kano state, Nigeria.

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How to Cite
Bashir, N., Edun, B., Mohammad, U., & Motagi, B. N. (2022). FIELD ASSESSMENT OF GROUNDNUT (ARACHIS HYPOGEAE L.) ADVANCED BREEDING LINES FOR RESISTANCE TO FUSARIUM WILT AND POD ROT DISEASES IN KANO STATE, NIGERIA. The Bioscientist Journal, 10(3), 280-291. Retrieved from https://bioscientistjournal.com/index.php/The_Bioscientist/article/view/124
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Articles

References

FIELD ASSESSMENT OF GROUNDNUT (ARACHIS HYPOGEAE L.) ADVANCED BREEDING LINES FOR RESISTANCE TO FUSARIUM WILT AND POD ROT DISEASES