Main Article Content
The numerous ethno-medicinal properties of Morinda lucida, an evergreen rainforest medium-sized tree also known as Brimstone tree, have called for a serious research investigation of all the various parts, including the fruits, in order to promote maximum utilization of the plant. In this present study therefore, the nutritional (proximate) and phytochemical evaluation of the fresh and dried fruit of Morinda lucida were carried out using standard methods such as in order to determine the nutritional potential of the plant. The result of the proximate analysis showed that the dried fruit of Morinda lucida contains in percentage (%), 3.23±0.04 moisture, 4.25±0.35 ash, 4.98±0.05 crude protein, 27.80±0.14 crude fiber, 16.95±0.21 total lipids and 42.79±0.11 total carbohydrate while the fresh fruit contains in percentage (%), 70.15±2.62 moisture, 2.55±0.07 ash, 3.88±0.05 crude protein, 4.61±0.57 crude fiber, 2.27±0.09 total lipids and 15.58±0.46 total carbohydrate. The phytochemical analysis showed that the dried fruit of Morinda lucida contains phytate, alkaloids, oxalate, saponins and cardiac glycosides with mg/100g values of 140±0.02, 3310±0.47, 1336±0.91, 4450±0.78 and 3910±0.13 respectively while the fresh fruit contains 60±0.00 mg/100g phytate, 470±0.02mg/100g alkaloid, 488±0.17mg/100g oxalate, 1710+0.13mg/100g saponin and 1950+0.78mg/100g cardiac glycoside. The tannin content of the dried fruit was 1496+0.36 mg/100g. However, the fresh fruit did not have a detectable amount of tannin. The observation that equal grams of the dried fruit had higher concentrations of the nutrients and Phytochemicals compared to the fresh fruit may be attributed to the fact that drying of fruits concentrates the fiber and phytochemicals in them. These results have shown that the fruits of Morinda lucida have pharmacologically active compounds and is also nutritionally potent and as such, could be used in ethno-medicine as well as an alternative source of feed for animals.
Addy, B. S., Owodo, H. T., Gyapong, R. N, Umeji, C. O. and Mintah, D. N. (2013). Phytochemical Screening and Antimicrobial Study on the leaves of Morinda lucida.Journal of Natural Science Research. 3(14):131-135.
Adejo, G. O., Akintayo, C. O. and Obinna, M. (2015). Morinda lucida leaf and fruit extract may Attenuate diarrhoea arising from Ebola. BasicResearch Journal of Medicine and Clinical Sciences.4 (3):95-100
AOAC. (2005). Methods for Proximate Analysis. Association of Official and Analytical Chemists. Pp 2217-2280.
AOAC. (1995).Official Method of Analysis. Association of Official and Analytical Chemists.18th ed., Washington DC. Journal of Nutrition. Pp 1147-1161
Bello, M. O., Folade, O. S., Adewusi, S. R. and Olawore, M. O. (2008). Studies on the Chemical Compositions and Anti-nutrients of some lesser Known Nigeria fruits. African Journal of Biotechnology. 7(21):3972-3979.
Desai, N. and Gaikwad, D. K. (2010). Proximate Composition and some Phytochemical Properties of Morinda pulp. International Journal of Applied Biology and Pharmaceutical Technology. 1(2):679-682).
Enemchukwu, B. N., Uchenna, N., Udedi, S. C., Ubaoji, K. I.and Akalonu, X. C. (2015). Nutritional and Anti-nutritional Evaluation and Phytochemical Composition of Aqueous leaf extract of Mucuna pruriens. TheBioscientist. 3(1):93-100.
European Commission (2019). https://ec.europa.eu/food/safety/labelling_nutrition/claims/nutrition_claims_en, accessed 25/5/19.
Gbadamosi, I. T., Moody, J. O. and Lawal, A. M. (2011). Phytochemical Screening and Proximate Analysis of Eight Ethnobotanicals used as Anti-malarial Remedies in Ibadan, Nigeria. Journal of Applied Biosciences. 44:2967-2971.
Gemede, H. F. and Ratta, N. (2014). Anti-nutritional Factors in Plant Foods: Potential Health benefits and adverse effects. International Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism.3(6):72-76.
Harbone, J. B. (1973). Phytochemical methods, Chapman and Hall Limited, London. Pp. 49-188.
McMordie, K. (2017). Dried fruits: Underconsumed but oh so nutritious. Today's Dietitian19(6):11
Olanipekun, M. K., Adewuyi, D. and Adedeji, D. (2016). Ethnobotanical Implications and Phytochemical Analyses of Some Selected Medicinal Plants used in Ado-Ekiti LGA, Ekiti Stacey, Nigeria. Journalof Herbal Medicine Research. 1(3):0007-0016.
Osagie, A.U. (1998). Anti-nutritional Factors. In: Nutritional Quality of Plant Foods. Ambik Press Ltd, Benin City, Nigeria. Pp. 1-40; 221-244
Usunobun, U. I., Okolie, N. P., Anyanwu, O. G., Adegbeji, A. J. and Egharerba, M. E. (2015). Phytochemical Screening and Proximate Composition of Anona moricata. European Journal of Botany, Plant Science and Phytology. 2(1):18-28.
Wardlaw, G. M. and Kessel, M. W. (2002). What Nourishes You. Perspectives in Nutrition, Mc Graw Hill, New York, Ed. 5:p.4
Young and Greaves. (1940). Laboratory Handbook of Methods of Food Analysis, Leonard Hill, London. Pp. 217-273.