DETERMINATION OF THE FREE RADICAL SCAVENGING PROPERTIES AS INDICES FOR EVALUATING THE ANTICANCER EFFECTS OF VIGNA SESQUIPEDALIS

Main Article Content

V. H. A. Enemor
G. I. Nweke
V. N. Okoye
A. C. Agbara

Abstract

Vigna sesquipedalis was assayed to determine its content of essential minerals and vitamins that are commonly associated with the ability to neutralize the damaging effects of free radicals and consequently help prevent the development of cancer. Selenium, zinc, manganese, copper and iron which have antioxidant capability were determined among other minerals. The antioxidant vitamins, A, C, and E were also assayed among other vitamins. Appropriate colorimetric and itration methods were used for assay of vitamins while the minerals were determined by means of atomic absorption spectrophotometer. The results of the analyses showed that the seeds have significant concentrations of vitamins A and C while vitamin E concentration was relatively low.
Also the minerals zinc, iron and manganese were significantly present while selenium and
copper were of relatively low concentrations. However, the antinutrients namely trypsin
inhibitor, haemagglutinin, and glycosides were found to be present. The results show that Vigna sesquipedalis has significant concentration of substances that are effectively involved in free radical scavenging and which can consequently enhance the body’s protection against cancer development. The consumption of natural foods should be highly encouraged to reduce the chances of development of cancer associated with increased consumption of industrially processed foods.

Article Details

How to Cite
Enemor, V. H. A., Nweke, G. I., Okoye, V. N., & Agbara, A. C. (2020). DETERMINATION OF THE FREE RADICAL SCAVENGING PROPERTIES AS INDICES FOR EVALUATING THE ANTICANCER EFFECTS OF VIGNA SESQUIPEDALIS. The Bioscientist Journal, 5(1), 13-19. Retrieved from https://bioscientistjournal.com/index.php/The_Bioscientist/article/view/9
Section
Articles

References

Abel, A. O. (1985). Legume processing. In: Crop production in the tropics. Oxford
Publisher. Lagos. 113 – 116. American Public Health Association(1995). Standard Methods. 19th edition. Washington DC. British Pharmacopoiea Commission (1993). Appendix xvi 13, A184-A190.

Enemor,V.H.A., Afuwape, L.O., Okonkwo, C.J. and Okafor, C.S. (2013). Minerals,Vitamins And Phytochemical Profile of Sida acuta (Broom Weed): Indices for the Evaluation of Safety
and Antioxidant Potentials of the Medicinal Plant. Journal of Biological
and Chemical Research. 30 (2): 840 – 848.

Enemor, V.H.A.; Nnaemeka, O.J. and Okonkwo, C.J. (2014).Minerals, Vitamins and Phytochemical Profile of Gongronema latifolium: Indices for Assessement of its Free Radical
Scavenging, Nutritional, and Antinutritional Qualities. International Research Journal of Biological Sciences. 3 (1): 17 – 21.

Harbone, J.B. (1992). Phytochemical methods.Chapman and Hall Publication, London. 7-8.
Kirk H. and Sawyer R. (1991). Chemical analysis of food. 8th edition. Longman scientific and technical, Edinburg 21 –212.

Miemth, T.; van, K.T.; Marcotte, J.L.;Trinn, T.H. and Clark, A.E. (1992). Distribution of lectins in tissues, derived callus, and roots of Psophocarpustetragonolobus (winged bean). Plant Physiology. 70 (2): 579 – 587.

Munro, A., and Bassir, D. (1969).Oxalates in Nigerian vegetables. West African .Journal of Biological and Applied chemistry; 12:14-18.

Nwosu J.N., Ogueke C.C., Owuamanam C.I., Iwouno J.O. (2010). Functional Properties and Proximate Composition of Asparagus Bean (VignaSesquipedalis) as Influenced by Malting. Journal of American Science. 6 (9). 376 – 382.

Nzewi, Daniel and Egbuonu, Anthony C. C. (2011). Effect of boiling and roasting on the proximate properties of asparagus bean (VignaSesquipedalis). African Journal of Biotechnology. 10(54). 11239 – 11244.

Prakash, D. and Gupta, K.R. (2009). The antioxioant phytochemicals of nutraceutical importance. The Open Nutraceuticals Journal. 2. 20 – 35.

Ujowundu, C.O.; Igwe, C.U.; Enemor, V.H.A.;Nwaogu, L.A. and Okafor, O.E. (2008).Nutritive and antiAnticancer effects, Vigna sesquipedalis 19

Enemor et al., 2017 nutritive properties of Boerhaviadiffusaand Commelinanudifloraleaves. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition. 7 (1): 90 – 92. World Health Organization and Food and
Agriculture Organization (2004). Role of vitamin A in human metabolic processes. In: Vitamin and mineral requirements in human nutrition, second edition. 17.

Young, B.S., and Graves, C. (1940).Evaluation of effect of processing techniques on the nutrient content of foods.Journal of Human Nutrition; 21(3): 131-133.